NCL_xy_12.pyΒΆ

This script illustrates the following concepts:
  • Emphasizing part of a curve in an XY plot

  • Drawing longitude labels on the X axis

See following URLs to see the reproduced NCL plot & script:

Import packages:

import numpy as np
import xarray as xr
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import geocat.datafiles as gdf
from geocat.viz import util as gvutil

Read in data:

# Open a netCDF data file using xarray default engine and load the data into
# xarrays
ds = xr.open_dataset(gdf.get("netcdf_files/uv300.nc"))

Method 1: Splitting the line into parts and coloring them differently

U = ds.isel(time=0, lon=5, drop=True).U

plt.figure(figsize=(7, 7))
ax = plt.axes()

bins = [0, 5, 20]
# Slicing data in Python excludes the last value. To include the last value we
# can increment it by 1. This ensures that the different colored line segments
# touch
start = U.data[bins[0]:bins[1] + 1]
highlight = U.data[bins[1]:bins[2] + 1]
end = U.data[bins[2]:]

ax.plot(U.lat[bins[0]:bins[1] + 1], start, color='black', linewidth=0.5)
ax.plot(U.lat[bins[1]:bins[2] + 1], highlight, color='red', linewidth=1)
ax.plot(U.lat[bins[2]:], end, color='black', linewidth=0.5)

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set axes parameters
gvutil.set_axes_limits_and_ticks(
    ax,
    ylim=(-10, 40),
    xlim=(-90, 90),
    xticks=np.arange(-90, 91, 30),
    yticks=np.arange(-10, 41, 10),
    xticklabels=['90S', '60S', '30S', '0', '30N', '60N', '90N'])

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to add minor and major tick lines
gvutil.add_major_minor_ticks(ax,
                             x_minor_per_major=3,
                             y_minor_per_major=5,
                             labelsize=14)

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set titles and labels
gvutil.set_titles_and_labels(ax,
                             maintitle="Highlight Part of a Line",
                             ylabel=U.long_name + " " + U.units)

plt.show()
Highlight Part of a Line

Method 2: Drawing a polygon around the section of interest

U = ds.isel(time=0, lon=84, drop=True).U

plt.figure(figsize=(7, 7))
ax = plt.axes()

bins = [5, 24]
# Slicing data in Python excludes the last value. To include the last value we
# can increment it by 1. This ensures that the highlight extends thorugh the
# last bin value
highlight = U.data[bins[0]:bins[1] + 1]

# Define bounds for region centered on the data with a width of 4
nlat = np.shape(highlight)[0]
top = np.empty(nlat)
bottom = np.empty(nlat)

for k in range(0, nlat):
    top[k] = highlight[k] + 2
    bottom[k] = highlight[k] - 2

# Plot curves that bound the region to be colored
ax.plot(U.lat[bins[0]:bins[1] + 1], top, color='salmon')
ax.plot(U.lat[bins[0]:bins[1] + 1], bottom, color='salmon')

# Fill the area between the bounds
ax.fill_between(U.lat[bins[0]:bins[1] + 1], top, bottom, color='salmon')

ax.plot(U.lat, U.data, color='black', linewidth=0.5)

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set axes parameters
gvutil.set_axes_limits_and_ticks(
    ax,
    ylim=(-10, 50),
    xlim=(-90, 90),
    xticks=np.arange(-90, 91, 30),
    yticks=np.arange(-10, 51, 10),
    xticklabels=['90S', '60S', '30S', '0', '30N', '60N', '90N'])

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to add minor and major tick lines
gvutil.add_major_minor_ticks(ax,
                             x_minor_per_major=3,
                             y_minor_per_major=5,
                             labelsize=14)

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set titles and labels
gvutil.set_titles_and_labels(ax,
                             maintitle="Highlight Part of a Line",
                             ylabel=U.long_name + " " + U.units)

plt.show()
Highlight Part of a Line

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.306 seconds)

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