NCL_panel_15.pyΒΆ

This script illustrates the following concepts:
  • Paneling three plots vertically

  • Making a color bar span over two axes

  • Selecting a different colormap to abide by best practices. See the color examples for more information.

See following URLs to see the reproduced NCL plot & script:

Import packages:

import cartopy.crs as ccrs
import geocat.datafiles as gdf
import geocat.viz.util as gvutil
import matplotlib.gridspec as gridspec
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import xarray as xr
from cartopy.mpl.gridliner import LatitudeFormatter, LongitudeFormatter

Read in data:

# Open a netCDF data file using xarray default engine and load the data into
# xarrays
ds = xr.open_dataset(gdf.get("netcdf_files/h_avg_Y0191_D000.00.nc"),
                     decode_times=False)

# Ensure longitudes range from 0 to 360 degrees
t = gvutil.xr_add_cyclic_longitudes(ds.T, "lon_t")

# Selecting the first time step and then the three levels of interest
t = t.isel(time=0)
t_1 = t.isel(z_t=0)
t_2 = t.isel(z_t=1)
t_6 = t.isel(z_t=5)

Plot:

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(8, 12))

grid = gridspec.GridSpec(nrows=3, ncols=1, figure=fig)

# Choose the map projection
proj = ccrs.PlateCarree()

# Add the subplots
ax1 = fig.add_subplot(grid[0], projection=proj)  # upper cell of grid
ax2 = fig.add_subplot(grid[1], projection=proj)  # middle cell of grid
ax3 = fig.add_subplot(grid[2], projection=proj)  # lower cell of grid

for (ax, title) in [(ax1, 'level 0'), (ax2, 'level 1'), (ax3, 'level 6')]:
    # Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set axes tick values
    gvutil.set_axes_limits_and_ticks(ax=ax,
                                     xlim=(-180, 180),
                                     ylim=(-90, 90),
                                     xticks=np.linspace(-180, 180, 13),
                                     yticks=np.linspace(-90, 90, 7))

    # Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to make plots look like NCL
    # plots by using latitude, longitude tick labels
    gvutil.add_lat_lon_ticklabels(ax)

    # Remove the degree symbol from tick labels
    ax.yaxis.set_major_formatter(LatitudeFormatter(degree_symbol=''))
    ax.xaxis.set_major_formatter(LongitudeFormatter(degree_symbol=''))

    # Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to add minor and major ticks
    gvutil.add_major_minor_ticks(ax)

    # Draw coastlines
    ax.coastlines(linewidth=0.5)

    # Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set titles
    gvutil.set_titles_and_labels(ax,
                                 lefttitle=t_1.long_name,
                                 righttitle=t_1.units,
                                 lefttitlefontsize=10,
                                 righttitlefontsize=10)
    # Add center title
    ax.set_title(title, loc='center', y=1.04, fontsize=10)

# Select an appropriate colormap
cmap = 'magma'

# Plot data
C = ax1.contourf(t_1['lon_t'],
                 t_1['lat_t'],
                 t_1.data,
                 levels=np.arange(0, 30, 2),
                 cmap=cmap,
                 extend='both')
ax2.contourf(t_2['lon_t'],
             t_2['lat_t'],
             t_2.data,
             levels=np.arange(0, 30, 2),
             cmap=cmap,
             extend='both')
C_2 = ax3.contourf(t_6['lon_t'],
                   t_6['lat_t'],
                   t_6.data,
                   levels=np.arange(0, 22, 2),
                   cmap=cmap,
                   extend='both')

# Add colorbars
# By specifying two axes for `ax` the colorbar will span both of them
plt.colorbar(C,
             ax=[ax1, ax2],
             ticks=range(0, 30, 2),
             extendrect=True,
             extendfrac='auto',
             shrink=0.85,
             aspect=13,
             drawedges=True)
plt.colorbar(C_2,
             ax=ax3,
             ticks=range(0, 22, 2),
             extendrect=True,
             extendfrac='auto',
             shrink=0.85,
             aspect=5.5,
             drawedges=True)

plt.show()
Potential Temperature, level 0, Celsius, Potential Temperature, level 1, Celsius, Potential Temperature, level 6, Celsius

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.262 seconds)

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