NCL_proj_2.py

NCL_proj_2.py#

This script illustrates the following concepts:
  • Drawing filled contours over a Mercator map

  • Setting the spacing for latitude/longitude grid lines

  • Turning off the map perimeter (boundary)

  • Making the plot larger using viewport resources

  • Turning off map fill

  • Spanning part of a color map for contour fill

  • Using ‘inferno’ color scheme instead of ‘rainbow’ to follow best practices for visualizations

See following URLs to see the reproduced NCL plot & script:

Import packages:

import numpy as np
import xarray as xr
import cartopy.crs as ccrs
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.ticker as mticker

import geocat.datafiles as gdf
import geocat.viz as gv

Read in data:

# Open a netCDF data file using xarray default engine and load the data into xarrays
ds = xr.open_dataset(gdf.get("netcdf_files/atmos.nc"), decode_times=False)
t = ds.TS.isel(time=0)

Fix the artifact of not-shown-data around 0 and 360-degree longitudes

wrap_t = gv.xr_add_cyclic_longitudes(t, "lon")

Plot:

# Generate figure (set its size (width, height) in inches)
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10, 10))

# Generate axes using Cartopy and draw coastlines
ax = plt.axes(
    projection=ccrs.Mercator(central_longitude=0, min_latitude=-87.8638))

# Add coastlines
ax.coastlines(linewidths=0.5)

# Set extent of the projection
ax.set_extent([0, 359, -84.5, 89], crs=ccrs.PlateCarree())

# Draw gridlines
gl = ax.gridlines(crs=ccrs.PlateCarree(), linewidth=1, color='black', alpha=0.5)

# Manipulate latitude and longitude gridline numbers and spacing
gl.ylocator = mticker.FixedLocator(np.arange(-84.5, 91, 20))
gl.xlocator = mticker.FixedLocator(np.arange(-180, 181, 20))

# Contourf-plot data (for filled contours)
wrap_t.plot.contourf(ax=ax,
                     transform=ccrs.PlateCarree(),
                     levels=12,
                     cmap='inferno',
                     add_colorbar=False)

# Contour-plot data (for borderlines)
wrap_t.plot.contour(ax=ax,
                    transform=ccrs.PlateCarree(),
                    levels=12,
                    linewidths=0.5,
                    cmap='black')

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to add titles to left and right
# of the plot axis.
gv.set_titles_and_labels(ax,
                         maintitle="Example of Mercator Projection",
                         lefttitle="Surface Temperature",
                         righttitle="K")

# Show the plot
plt.show()
Surface Temperature, Example of Mercator Projection, K

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 1.263 seconds)

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