NCL_lb_3.py

This script illustrates the following concepts:
  • Drawing a horizontal colorbar

  • Changing the colorbar labels

  • Changing the angle of colorbar labels

  • Changing the font size of the colorbar’s labels

  • Adding a title to a colorbar

  • Adjusting colorbar position relavtive to plot axes

See following URLs to see the reproduced NCL plot & script:
import cartopy.crs as ccrs
import geocat.datafiles as gdf
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

Import packages:

import numpy as np
import xarray as xr
from cartopy.mpl.gridliner import LatitudeFormatter, LongitudeFormatter
from geocat.viz import cmaps as gvcmaps
from geocat.viz import util as gvutil

Read in data:

# Open a netCDF data file using xarray default engine and load the data into xarrays
ds = xr.open_dataset(gdf.get("netcdf_files/atmos.nc"), decode_times=False)

# Extract slice of data
V = ds.V.isel(time=0, lev=3)

# Fix the artifact of not-shown-data around 0 and 360-degree longitudes
V = gvutil.xr_add_cyclic_longitudes(V, "lon")

Plot:

# Generate figure (set its size (width, height) in inches)
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10, 6))

# Generate axes using Cartopy and draw coastlines
ax = plt.axes(projection=ccrs.PlateCarree())
ax.coastlines(linewidths=0.5, alpha=0.6)

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to set axes limits & tick values
gvutil.set_axes_limits_and_ticks(ax,
                                 xlim=(-180, 180),
                                 ylim=(-90, 90),
                                 xticks=np.linspace(-180, 180, 13),
                                 yticks=np.linspace(-90, 90, 7))

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to add minor and major tick lines
gvutil.add_major_minor_ticks(ax, labelsize=10)

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to make latitude, longitude tick labels
gvutil.add_lat_lon_ticklabels(ax)
# Remove degree symbol from tick labels
ax.yaxis.set_major_formatter(LatitudeFormatter(degree_symbol=''))
ax.xaxis.set_major_formatter(LongitudeFormatter(degree_symbol=''))

# Use geocat.viz.util convenience function to add titles
gvutil.set_titles_and_labels(ax,
                             lefttitle=V.long_name,
                             righttitle=V.units,
                             lefttitlefontsize=12,
                             righttitlefontsize=12)

# Import an NCL colormap
cmap = gvcmaps.wgne15

# Specify which contour levels to draw
contour_lev = np.arange(-20, 28, 4)
# Plot filled contour
contour = V.plot.contourf(ax=ax,
                          transform=ccrs.PlateCarree(),
                          cmap=cmap,
                          levels=contour_lev,
                          add_colorbar=False,
                          add_labels=False)
# Plot line contour
V.plot.contour(ax=ax,
               transform=ccrs.PlateCarree(),
               colors='black',
               linewidths=0.5,
               linestyles='solid',
               levels=contour_lev,
               add_colorbar=False,
               add_labels=False)

# Create horizontal colorbar
# By changing the kwarg `pad`, the colorbar can be moved closer to or farther away from
# the axis parallel to it.
# `pad` defaults to 0.15 for horizontal colorbars
# `extendrect` and `extendfrac` format the ends of the colorbar, default is
# pointed ends to show there are values beyond the given contour levels
cbar = plt.colorbar(contour,
                    ax=ax,
                    orientation='horizontal',
                    shrink=0.75,
                    pad=0.11,
                    extendrect=True,
                    extendfrac='auto')
# Make colorbar tick labels larger
cbar.ax.tick_params(labelsize=14)
# Rotate colorbar tick labels
cbar.ax.set_xticklabels(cbar.ax.get_xticklabels(), rotation=45)
# Format colorbar title, this will make the title appear above the colorbar
cbar.ax.set_title('Default position for color bar title', fontsize=10)
plt.show()
meridional wind component, m/s, Default position for color bar title

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.566 seconds)

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